The Nobel Prize in Literature 2010 was awarded to Mario Vargas Llosa "for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt, and defeat".
He was born on March 28, 1936, in Arequipa, Peru. As an author, he had an international breakthrough with the novel La ciudad y los perros (1963; The Time of the Hero, 1966). This novel was considered controversial in his home land. A thousand copies were publicly burnt by officers. His well known works include Conversacion en la catedral (1969; Conversation in the Cathedral, 1975), La guerra del fin del mundo (1981; The War of the End of the World, 1984), and La fiesta del chivo (2000; The Feast of the Goat, 2001). Mario Vargas Llosa is also a noted journalist and essayist.
Read more at the official home page of the Nobel Prize.